The Serengeti is a savanna covering a 60,000 square kilometer area which sprawls across Tanzania and Kenya. The migration that occurs there every six months is considered amongst many to be one of the seven tourist travel wonders of the world. The area contains several game reserves and national parks. Its name come from the Maasai language and means “Endless Plains”.
The Serengeti has thousands of predators and more than 2 million herbivores. Gazelles, blue wildebeests, buffalos and zebars are the most common animals found in the region.
The largest and longest overland migration in the world happens in the Serengeti every six months. Nearly 2 million herbivores travel from the northern hills in October, and head toward the southern plains, where they cross the Mara River, in pursuit of the rains. They then return to the north through the west in April, again crossing the Mara river. This phenomenon is sometimes called the Circular Migration. 250,000+ wildebeest alone will die during the journey from Tanzania to then Maasai Mara reserves in upper Kenya, a journey that covers 500 miles. Death is often caused by exhaustion, injury, or being attacked by predators such as the big cats of the region.
The area is also home to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, which contains the Olduvai Gorge, where some of the oldest hominid fossils are found, as well as the Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest unbroken volcanic caldera.
The iCrossing Kili Climbers have the following itinerary for visiting the Serengeti: